Prior Authorization, Exceptions, & Appeals

Prior Authorization, Exceptions, & Appeals

There are 3 primary categories of requests:

  • Prior authorizations
  • Coverage determinations (including exception requests)
  • Appeals

These resources will help your practice better understand and manage payer processes.

Supporting Appropriate Payer Coverage Decisions Brochure — Helps you understand the information that payers may require for your patient's coverage of medically necessary drug therapies.

Checklists for Submitting Requests to Payers

Prior Authorization Considerations Checklist — Presents general information on prior authorization processes, including items and information that may be requested from your patient's insurer.

Exception Considerations Checklist — Gives an overview of exception processes for your patient's coverage of medically necessary drug therapies.

Appeal Considerations Checklist — Provides general information on insurance appeals processes, useful if your patient's insurer denies coverage.

Letter of Medical Necessity

Below is a sample Letter of Medical Necessity that you can use to create and submit your letter for medical necessity with either the initial claim to support the medical necessity of treatment with ERLEADA® for your patient or submit to support the medical necessity of treatment with ERLEADA® when requesting reconsideration of a denied claim.

Sample Letter of Medical Necessity (editable)

Exception Letter

Each payer follows a different process when filing exceptions and appeals. Below is a sample letter you can use when requesting an exception for ERLEADA®.

Sample Exception Letter (editable)

Prior Authorization

Some health plans in select states must use their state's uniform prior authorization request form. Click here to see if your state is included.

Uniform Prior Authorization Information for Select States

Other payers follow a different process. Please see table below or contact Janssen CarePath at 844-777-2828 for assistance in obtaining prior authorization forms.

The information provided is not a guarantee of coverage or payment (partial or full). Actual benefits are determined by each plan administrator in accordance with its respective policy and procedures. This document is presented for informational purposes only and is not intended to provide reimbursement or legal advice, nor does it promise or guarantee coverage, levels of reimbursement, payment, or charge. It is not intended to increase or maximize reimbursement by any payer. Laws, regulations, and policies concerning reimbursement are complex and are updated frequently. While we have made an effort to be current as of the issue date of this document, the information may not be as current or comprehensive when you view it. Please refer to the applicable plan's website, or contact the plan for more information about coverage or any restrictions or prerequisites that may apply. We strongly recommend you consult the payer organization for its reimbursement policies.

Janssen CarePath does not endorse and is not responsible for the content on any of the websites listed below, or the services provided by these organizations. Clicking on any of the links below will take you to a website to which our Privacy Policy does not apply. We encourage you to read the privacy policy of every website you visit.

Click on the payer link to be taken to the payer's website.

Payer Prior Authorization Information
Aetna Formularies & Pharmacy Clinical Policy Bulletins
Provider Precertification Lists
Health Care Professional Forms: Specialty Pharmacy Medication Request
Prior Authorization Form
Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield Prescription Drug Prior Authorization Information
California Prescription Drug Prior Authorization Information
California Prescription Drug Prior Authorization Request Form
Georgia Prescription Drug Prior Authorization Information
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Alabama Pharmacy: Drug Coverage Guidelines (Search by drug name)
Provider-Administered Drug Policies and Forms (Acceptance required to view)
General Prescription Drug Coverage Authorization Request Form
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Florida/Florida Blue Prior Authorization Program Information
Medical Pharmacy Prior Authorization Lists and Utilization Management
Member Prescription Drug Prior Authorization Forms
Specialty Pharmacy Request Form
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Illinois Prior Authorization and Step Therapy Programs
Specialty Drug Request Form
Prior Authorization Request Form
Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts Prior Authorization - Pharmacy
Online Prior Authorization Requests
Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Provider Prior Authorization for Medical Drugs
Prior Authorization and Step Therapy Coverage Criteria
Medication Prior Authorization Request
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota Prescription Drugs (Search drug list for medication requirements)
Pharmacy Utilization Management
Tools & Resources For Health Care Providers: Electronic Prior-Authorization
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Montana Prior Authorization and Step Therapy Programs
Provider Forms and Documents
Prior Authorization Request Form
Online Prior Authorization Form
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of New Mexico Prior Authorization and Step Therapy Programs
Prior Authorization Forms (Select pharmacy tab)
Prior Authorization Request Form
Online Prior Authorization Form
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina Prior Review and Limitations
Prior Authorization Facsimile Form
Online Prior Authorization Requests
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Oklahoma Prior Authorization and Step Therapy Programs: Request Forms
Prior Authorization Request Form
Online Prior Authorization Form
BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee Pharmacy Resources & Forms
Specialty Medications Program
Prior Authorization Process for Provider-Administered Specialty Medications
BlueCross BlueShield of Texas Prior Authorization and Step Therapy Programs: Request Forms
Physician-Administered Drug Policies and Forms
Prior Authorization Request Form
Online Prior Authorization Form
CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield Pharmacy Forms
Pharmacy Prior Authorization
Prior Authorization Inquiries and Appeals
Online Prior Authorization Form
Cigna Pharmacy Resources
Pharmacy Prior Authorization Forms (Select drug)
Medication Prior Authorization Form
CVS Caremark Prior Authorization Information
Clinical Prior Authorization Criteria Request Form
Prior Authorization for Professionally Administered Drugs
EmblemHealth Pharmacy Resources and Forms
Injectables and Specialty Pharmacy Program and Form
Prior Authorizations/Coverage Determinations
Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Inc. Medication Prior Authorization Program
Medication Request Forms and Clinical Coverage Criteria
Medical Drugs Prior Authorization
Massachusetts Standard Form For Medication Prior Authorization Requests
Health Net Pharmacy and Prior Authorization Forms
Prior Authorization Forms for Specific Drugs
Highmark Blue Cross Blue Shield Prescription Drug Medication Request Form
Provider Resources for Prior Authorization Submissions
Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey Pharmacy Guidelines
Prior Authorization/Medical Necessity Determination Medicine List
Online Prior Authorization Form
Prior Authorization/Medical Necessity Determination Fax Form
Humana Medical and Pharmacy Coverage Policies
Prescribing: Prior Authorization for Pharmacy Drugs
Pharmacy Prior Authorizations
Online Pharmacy Prior Authorization Portal (Members)
Medical Precertification Request Form
Independence Blue Cross Prior Authorization: Pharmacy Benefit
Specialty Medical Benefit Drugs (search for product)
Prior Authorization Forms
Kaiser Permanente (Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, Inc.)
Kaiser Permanente Washington
Formulary and Formulary Exceptions Form (Select Region)
Injectable Drugs Requiring Prior Authorization (WA members)
Non-Medicare Injectable Drugs Requiring Prior Authorization List (WA members)
Premera Blue Cross Drugs Requiring Approval
Pharmacy Services Prior Authorization Request Form
Wellmark Blue Cross and Blue Shield Provider Drug Information
Provider Prior Authorization

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Indication

ERLEADA® (apalutamide) is an androgen receptor inhibitor indicated for the treatment of patients with:

  • Metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer (mCSPC)
  • Non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC)
Important Safety Information For ERLEADA®

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Ischemic Cardiovascular Events — In a randomized study (SPARTAN) of patients with nmCRPC, ischemic cardiovascular events occurred in 4% of patients treated with ERLEADA® and 3% of patients treated with placebo. In a randomized study (TITAN) in patients with mCSPC, ischemic cardiovascular events occurred in 4% of patients treated with ERLEADA® and 2% of patients treated with placebo. Across the SPARTAN and TITAN studies, 6 patients (0.5%) treated with ERLEADA® and 2 patients (0.2%) treated with placebo died from an ischemic cardiovascular event. Patients with current evidence of unstable angina, myocardial infarction, or congestive heart failure within 6 months of randomization were excluded from the SPARTAN and TITAN studies.

Ischemic cardiovascular events, including events leading to death, occurred in patients receiving ERLEADA®. Monitor for signs and symptoms of ischemic heart disease. Optimize management of cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia. Consider discontinuation of ERLEADA® for Grade 3 and 4 events.

Fractures — In a randomized study (SPARTAN) of patients with nmCRPC, fractures occurred in 12% of patients treated with ERLEADA® and in 7% of patients treated with placebo. In a randomized study (TITAN) of patients with mCSPC, fractures occurred in 9% of patients treated with ERLEADA® and in 6% of patients treated with placebo. Evaluate patients for fracture risk. Monitor and manage patients at risk for fractures according to established treatment guidelines and consider use of bone-targeted agents.

Falls — In a randomized study (SPARTAN), falls occurred in 16% of patients treated with ERLEADA® compared with 9% of patients treated with placebo. Falls were not associated with loss of consciousness or seizure. Falls occurred in patients receiving ERLEADA® with increased frequency in the elderly. Evaluate patients for fall risk.

Seizure — In 2 randomized studies (SPARTAN and TITAN), 5 patients (0.4%) treated with ERLEADA® and 1 patient treated with placebo (0.1%) experienced a seizure. Permanently discontinue ERLEADA® in patients who develop a seizure during treatment. It is unknown whether anti-epileptic medications will prevent seizures with ERLEADA®. Advise patients of the risk of developing a seizure while receiving ERLEADA® and of engaging in any activity where sudden loss of consciousness could cause harm to themselves or others.

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity — The safety and efficacy of ERLEADA® have not been established in females. Based on its mechanism of action, ERLEADA® can cause fetal harm and loss of pregnancy when administered to a pregnant female. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of ERLEADA®[see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)].

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Adverse Reactions — The most common adverse reactions (≥10%) that occurred more frequently in the ERLEADA®-treated patients (≥2% over placebo) from the randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials (TITAN and SPARTAN) were fatigue, arthralgia, rash, decreased appetite, fall, weight decreased, hypertension, hot flush, diarrhea, and fracture.

Laboratory Abnormalities — All Grades (Grade 3-4)

  • Hematology — In the TITAN study: white blood cell decreased ERLEADA® 27% (0.4%), placebo 19% (0.6%). In the SPARTAN study: anemia ERLEADA® 70% (0.4%), placebo 64% (0.5%); leukopenia ERLEADA® 47% (0.3%), placebo 29% (0%); lymphopenia ERLEADA® 41% (2%), placebo 21% (2%)
  • Chemistry — In the TITAN study: hypertriglyceridemia ERLEADA® 17% (3%), placebo 12% (2%). In the SPARTAN study: hypercholesterolemia ERLEADA® 76% (0.1%), placebo 46% (0%); hyperglycemia ERLEADA® 70% (2%), placebo 59% (1%); hypertriglyceridemia ERLEADA® 67% (2%), placebo 49% (0.8%); hyperkalemia ERLEADA® 32% (2%), placebo 22% (0.5%)

Rash — In 2 randomized studies, rash was most commonly described as macular or maculopapular. Adverse reactions of rash were 26% with ERLEADA® vs 8% with placebo. Grade 3 rashes (defined as covering >30% body surface area [BSA]) were reported with ERLEADA® treatment (6%) vs placebo (0.5%).

The onset of rash occurred at a median of 83 days. Rash resolved in 78% of patients within a median of 78 days from onset of rash. Rash was commonly managed with oral antihistamines, topical corticosteroids, and 19% of patients received systemic corticosteroids. Dose reduction or dose interruption occurred in 14% and 28% of patients, respectively. Of the patients who had dose interruption, 59% experienced recurrence of rash upon reintroduction of ERLEADA®.

Hypothyroidism — In 2 randomized studies, hypothyroidism was reported for 8% of patients treated with ERLEADA® and 2% of patients treated with placebo based on assessments of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) every 4 months. Elevated TSH occurred in 25% of patients treated with ERLEADA® and 7% of patients treated with placebo. The median onset was at the first scheduled assessment. There were no Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions. Thyroid replacement therapy, when clinically indicated, should be initiated or dose-adjusted.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Effect of Other Drugs on ERLEADA® Co-administration of a strong CYP2C8 or CYP3A4 inhibitor is predicted to increase the steady-state exposure of the active moieties. No initial dose adjustment is necessary; however, reduce the ERLEADA® dose based on tolerability [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)].

Effect of ERLEADA® on Other Drugs — ERLEADA® is a strong inducer of CYP3A4 and CYP2C19, and a weak inducer of CYP2C9 in humans. Concomitant use of ERLEADA® with medications that are primarily metabolized by CYP3A4, CYP2C19, or CYP2C9 can result in lower exposure to these medications. Substitution for these medications is recommended when possible or evaluate for loss of activity if medication is continued. Concomitant administration of ERLEADA® with medications that are substrates of UDP-glucuronosyl transferase (UGT) can result in decreased exposure. Use caution if substrates of UGT must be co-administered with ERLEADA® and evaluate for loss of activity.

P-gp, BCRP, or OATP1B1 Substrates — Apalutamide is a weak inducer of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), and organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1) clinically. Concomitant use of ERLEADA® with medications that are substrates of P-gp, BCRP, or OATP1B1 can result in lower exposure of these medications. Use caution if substrates of P-gp, BCRP, or OATP1B1 must be co-administered with ERLEADA® and evaluate for loss of activity if medication is continued.

Please see the full Prescribing Information for ERLEADA®.

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